Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag
Samdrup Jongkhar town holds the distinct honour of being the oldest town in Bhutan. This border town is a bustling little settlement packed to the brim with shopkeepers and hawkers from across the border.
The gateway to eastern Bhutan, SamdrupJongkhar is situated in the southeastern region of the country and shares borders with the Indian state of Assam. It is by far the largest urban centre in eastern Bhutan. It lies at elevations ranging from 200 m to 3,500 m. In the past, British Political Officers stationed in Sikkim took the route from Samdrup Jongkhar to enter into Bhutan. Historically, the region was administered by the Gyadrung stationed at Dewangiri. Today, the road from Trashigang to Samdrup Jongkhar, completed in the 1960s, connects the eastern and southern regions of the country. This allows them to benefit from trade, especially through trade across the Indian border. SamdrupJongkhar used to be the main trading centre for the Bhutanese and it is still a convenient exit town for tourists who have arranged to visit the neighbouring Indian state of Assam.
There are several tourist spots including the Mithun Breeding Farm and Samdrup JongkharDzong. Mithuns are widely considered to be the best breed of cattle in Bhutan and this farm supplies farmers from the six eastern districts with this magnificent animal. The SamdrupJongkharDzong is one of the newest Dzongs to have been built in the country. Unlike other Dzongs that are built on strategic locations atop mountains or between rivers, the Samdrup JongkharDzong is built on a flat and fairly wide-open area.
The SamdrupJongkharDratshang, the ZangdoPelri, the local town and Dewathang are some of the other important places that the tourists can visit. The town in Samdrup Jongkhar is one of the oldest in Eastern Bhutan and has seen gradual development over the years. It is a bustling little town with shopkeepers and hawkers coming from the nearby border of Assam to sell their wares. It also houses the oldest cinema in the country that is popular among the Assamese from across the border for the Bollywood films it screens.
PLACES OF ATTRACTIONS
1. ZANGTHO PELRI
This three storied temple set in the middle of town, is adorned with the work of the master Bhutanese craftsmen.
Its intricate frescos and beautiful statues are truly a sight to behold. Due to its religious significance and convenient location, Zangdopelri is at the heart of the spiritual lives of the people of this area.
Dewathang is the site where JigmeNamgyal, the father of GongsarUgyenWangchuck led the Bhutanese troops in a final battle against the British in 1884.
Though the Bhutanese put up a strong resistance against the British, JigmeNamgyal ultimately signed the treaty of Sinchula with the British in 1865. The office of the Gyadrung, the district administrator was once located in this small town situated 18 km from SamdrupJongkhar.
3. MITHUN BREEDING CENTRE
The only Mithun breeding farm in the east is located at Orong, along the highway reroute to SamdrupJongkhar, above the town of Dewathang.
The Mithuns are considered the finest breed of bison in Bhutan and it will be worthwhile to stop for a while to observe and photograph magnificent animals. The Mithuns raised here are supplied to the farmers of the six eastern districts.